Tombe, Frederick David
Mechanics / Electrodynamics
February 15, 2020
Maxwell's displacement current, aether, vortices, electromagnetism, electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic wave equation, displacement current, wireless telegraphy, magnetization, linear polarization, electron-positron aether
The historical linkage between optics and electromagnetism can be traced back to a paper published in the year 1856 by Wilhelm Eduard Weber and Rudolf Kohlrausch. By discharging a Leyden Jar (a capacitor), they showed that the ratio of the electromagnetic and electrostatic units of charge is numerically equal to the directly measured speed of light. Weber interpreted this result as meaning that the speed of light is a kind of escape velocity for electricity in motion, such as would enable the associated magnetic force to overcome the electrostatic force. An alternative interpretation was advanced a few years later by James Clerk-Maxwell who connected the result to the elasticity in an all pervading solid medium that serves as the carrier of light waves. As a consequence, he concluded that light waves are electromagnetic undulations. These two perspectives can be reconciled by linking the speed of light to the circumferential speed of the molecular vortices which Maxwell believed to be the constituent particles of the solid luminiferous medium. If we consider these molecular vortices to be tiny electric current circulations, magnetic repulsion can then be explained in terms of centrifugal force. And if these molecular vortices should take the form of an electron and a positron in mutual orbit, we can then also explain magnetic attraction in terms of the more fundamental electrostatic force being channeled through space along double helix chains.