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Critical Analysis of the Origins of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle

Author:

Michaud, André

Category:

Research Papers

Sub-Category:

Quantum Theory / Particle Physics

Language:

English

Date Published:

May 19, 2024

Downloads:

30

Keywords:

Phase wave velocity; Wave Mechanics; Matrix Mechanics; Quantum Mechanics; Uncertainty Principle.

Abstract:

Analysis of the initial stages of the logical process followed by Louis de Broglie in establishing the electron phase wave equation in his 1924 thesis, which triggered the development of Wave Mechanics when Erwin Schrödinger formalized this concept with his vectorial wave equation. This development was soon followed by Quantum Mechanics, when Schrödinger proved that the Matrix Mechanics independently developed by Werner Heisenberg was equivalent to Wave Mechanics; with both theories leaving room for some degree of uncertainty as to the physical localization of the moving electron. This is what led Heisenberg to also formalize the Uncertainty Principle to take this situation into account. This principle was soon regarded as a fundamental axiomatic principle that seemed to make further exploration of the subatomic level of magnitude appear impossible to most researchers. Analysis of the historical use of the wrong frequency that gave rise to the concept of a wave group to represent the electron's momentum energy as developed by Louis de Broglie, and to the Uncertainty principle developed by Werner Heisenberg.

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