**Author:**

Hoffman, Kenneth Paul

**Category:**

Research Papers

**Sub-Category:**

Astrophysics

**Date Published:**

January 11, 2024

**Keywords:**

rotation, acceleration, gravity, free-fall, Newton, Mach, Absolute observer, Einstein, inertial reference frame, accelerating reference frame, alsolute reference frame, observer location, subject under observation, changing reference frame

**Abstract:**

The results of a unique modification offered here using Newton’s experiment of the accelerating rotating water in a bucket could give clear support for his Absolute space frame for rotation. If gravity drops out of the picture even though the bucket is still in gravity’s grip, then the results need to be examined in detail and given a new different understanding. Although the acceptance by physics of an absolute reference frame for space and time is not clearly defined, Newton believed in a Universe that did provide for an absolute Space-Time Frame (for rotation). He suggested his famous rotating bucket experiment to use as proof but that was not accepted by his colleagues. Ernst Mach criticized it claiming that only the distance stars could serve as the Absolute Reference Frame. Then Einstein embraced Mach’s approach to justify and establish what he believed was a credible argument for his space curvature over a time grid system called Space-Time as the only reasonable alternative to the problem. THE ABSOLUTE OBSERVER IS AN ILLUSION. RELATIVITY MUST ALSO INCLUDE THE OBSERVER.

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