All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

A Case for Compatibility of Speed of Light Variance with Atomic Physics


Wells, Randy


Research Papers


Quantum Theory / Particle Physics



Date Published:

August 22, 2023




speed of light, quantum field theory, atomic physics, ZPE, Casimir effect


The speed of light, c, is not a fundamental constant. It is dependent on other parameters, magnetic permeability and electric permittivity of a vacuum, parameters that are dependent on quantum fluctuations. I intentionally refer to these as parameters, and not constants, since they are dependent on the temporal and spatial characteristics of electromagnetic dipoles (e.g., density), virtual particle pairs, known to be prevalent in the vacuum quantum field through such experiments such as Casimir’s [1,2]. This model strongly supports the notion of a physical mechanism that best describes the nature of light as consisting of virtual particle pair dipoles serving to propagate light as well as retard it via collective Van der Waal torque contributions. However, since the usage of “c” is ubiquitous throughout physics, especially atomic physics, the idea of changing its value is highly unwelcome, resistance to c variance is most often the case. With all this in consideration, I have explored ways to reconcile variable speed of light with key equations and to shed light on the underlying physical mechanisms from an atomic physics perspective. This new codification, I call “dynamically tuned atomic physics” (DTAP) naturally maintains atomic stability through harmonious balancing of key atomic parameters. The driver that appears to cause this natural dynamic tuning is a variant electromagnetic quantum field density of polarized dipoles.

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