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**Author:**

Faraj, A. A.

**Category:**

Research Papers

**Sub-Category:**

Mechanics / Electrodynamics

**Language:**

English

**Date Published:**

November 7, 2021

**Downloads:**

281

**Keywords:**

Doppler effect; blue shift; red shift; event; interval of time; duration; classical wave theory; elastic-impact emission theory; light source; light receiver; apparent time compression; apparent time expansion

**Abstract:**

According to every physical theory, the Doppler effect, on the electromagnetic spectrum, must lead to shortening of measured durations of events, in all cases of approach, and inversely, to lengthening of durations of events, in all cases of recession. In this investigation, the predictions of the classical wave theory and the elastic-impact emission theory, concerning this type of effect, have been calculated and analyzed, in detail. These two theories predict the same results, in all cases of moving receivers and stationary sources; but their predictions show significant differences, in all cases of moving sources and stationary receivers. Therefore, it's, possible to distinguish, experimentally, between their predictions, in this regard. Subsequently, it has been concluded that the Doppler effect, on the durations of events, is an important first-order effect that has to be taken, always, into account, in astrometric measurements, planetary ephemerides, and space navigation.

"Why is that?!"

Thank you so much for asking.

To make a long story short:

A. The Doppler effect, on the electromagnetic spectrum, shortens the observed duration of any event, in all cases of approach; because the integrated reduction in light wavelength makes the interval of time between the arrival of the first light pulse -- at the start of an event - and the arrival of the last light pulse -- at the end of the same event -- shorter than its actual duration..

B. The Doppler effect, on the electromagnetic spectrum, lengthens the observed duration of any event, in all cases of recession; because the integrated increase in light wavelength makes the interval of time between the arrival of the first light pulse -- at the start of an event - and the arrival of the last light pulse - -at the end of the same event -- longer than its actual duration.

Thank you so much for asking.

To make a long story short:

A. The Doppler effect, on the electromagnetic spectrum, shortens the observed duration of any event, in all cases of approach; because the integrated reduction in light wavelength makes the interval of time between the arrival of the first light pulse -- at the start of an event - and the arrival of the last light pulse -- at the end of the same event -- shorter than its actual duration..

B. The Doppler effect, on the electromagnetic spectrum, lengthens the observed duration of any event, in all cases of recession; because the integrated increase in light wavelength makes the interval of time between the arrival of the first light pulse -- at the start of an event - and the arrival of the last light pulse - -at the end of the same event -- longer than its actual duration.

<<...the Doppler effect, on the electromagnetic spectrum, must lead to shortening of measured durations of events, in all cases of approach, and inversely, to lengthening of durations of events, in all cases of recession>>

Why is that?!

Why is that?!

Thanks, for your comment.

The general case, in which light sources and light receivers are in motion, at the same time, within the framework of the classical wave theory; i.e., the reciprocal of Equation #1, in this article:

http://www.conspiracyoflight.com/Ives/HerbertIves1937c.pdf

as well as the general case, in which light sources and light receivers are in motion, at the same time, within the framework of the elastic-impact emission theory; i.e., the reciprocal of Equation #1.B.4, in this article:

https://www.gsjournal.net/Science-Journals/Research%20Papers-Mechanics%20/%20Electrodynamics/Download/6009

have not been investigated.

Only the general case of moving light sources and stationary light receivers, and the general case of stationary light sources and moving light receivers have been treated, on both theories, in the above paper.

The general case, in which light sources and light receivers are in motion, at the same time, within the framework of the classical wave theory; i.e., the reciprocal of Equation #1, in this article:

http://www.conspiracyoflight.com/Ives/HerbertIves1937c.pdf

as well as the general case, in which light sources and light receivers are in motion, at the same time, within the framework of the elastic-impact emission theory; i.e., the reciprocal of Equation #1.B.4, in this article:

https://www.gsjournal.net/Science-Journals/Research%20Papers-Mechanics%20/%20Electrodynamics/Download/6009

have not been investigated.

Only the general case of moving light sources and stationary light receivers, and the general case of stationary light sources and moving light receivers have been treated, on both theories, in the above paper.

I think that the formulas for the general case can only be considered as approximations.

1 Replies

Thanks, for your comment.

The general case, in which light sources and light receivers are in motion, at the same time, within the framework of the classical wave theory; i.e., the reciprocal of Equation #1, in this article:

http://www.conspiracyoflight.com/Ives/HerbertIves1937c.pdf

as well as the general case, in which light sources and light receivers are in motion, at the same time, within the framework of the elastic-impact emission theory; i.e., the reciprocal of Equation #1.A.3, in this article:

https://www.gsjournal.net/Science-Journals/Research%20Papers-Mechanics%20/%20Electrodynamics/Download/6009

have not been investigated.

Only the general case of moving light sources and stationary light receivers, and the general case of stationary light sources and moving light receivers have been treated, on both theories, in the above paper.

The general case, in which light sources and light receivers are in motion, at the same time, within the framework of the classical wave theory; i.e., the reciprocal of Equation #1, in this article:

http://www.conspiracyoflight.com/Ives/HerbertIves1937c.pdf

as well as the general case, in which light sources and light receivers are in motion, at the same time, within the framework of the elastic-impact emission theory; i.e., the reciprocal of Equation #1.A.3, in this article:

https://www.gsjournal.net/Science-Journals/Research%20Papers-Mechanics%20/%20Electrodynamics/Download/6009

have not been investigated.

Only the general case of moving light sources and stationary light receivers, and the general case of stationary light sources and moving light receivers have been treated, on both theories, in the above paper.

**4** total records on 1 pages