May 13, 2021
Larmor (1900) and Lorentz (1904) invented the Lorentz transformation to be able to formally confirm their own idea of an absolutely stationary ether. They (and also Fitzgerald) assumed an influence of the motion relative to the ether on the dimensions of the moving object, so that in this way the zero result of the Michelson-Morley experiment would not contradict their assumption. The transformation of the time variable was introduced for simplification of the calculations and was called "local time" by Lorentz. To be able to derive the Lorentz transformation, certain terms in the equations had to be deleted, so that all attempts to derive the Lorentz transformation mathematically correctly can be regarded as unsuccessful.
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