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La mécanique de création de paires électron-positon dans le modèle trispatial

Author:

Michaud, André

Category:

Research Papers

Sub-Category:

Quantum Theory / Particle Physics

Language:

French

Date Published:

April 11, 2021

Downloads:

38

Keywords:

géométrie trispatiale, paire électron-positon, photon de 1.022 MeV, masse, matérialisation, signe de la charge

Abstract:

Cet article expose la mécanique de conversion, dans la géométrie trispatiale, d'un photon électromagnétique d'énergie 1.022 MeV ou plus en une paire électron-positon, lorsqu'un tel photon est déstabilisé en frôlant une particule massive telle un noyau d'atome, transformant ce photon électromagnétique sans masse et apparemment sans charge en une paire de particules chargées en opposition, ayant chacune une masse de 0.511 MeV/c2. Un processus alternatif fut aussi expérimentalement découvert en 1997, qui implique de converger deux faisceaux de photons fortement collimatés vers un point dans l'espace, l'un des faisceaux contenant des photons dépassant le seuil d'énergie de 1.022 MeV. Dans ce dernier cas, des paires électron-positon furent créées sans qu'aucune particule massive déstabilisatrice ne soit à proximité, ce qui signifie qu'une interaction impliquant seulement des photons est suffisante pour provoquer la déstabilisation. Ces deux processus observés de conversion de photons électromagnétiques en paires électron-positon établissent le niveau d'énergie de 1.022 MeV comme le seuil à partir duquel des photons sans masse sont susceptibles d'être déstabilisés pour se convertir en paires de particules massives.

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