All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

The Static Universe, the Experiment of Fizeau and Einstein’s ‘Interpretation’ Thereof


Lofts, Mark John


Research Papers


Relativity Theory



Date Published:

October 11, 2020




Aristotle, Callow, Descartes, Einstein, Fizeau, Galileo, Lorentz, Newton, Popper, Rudakov, electromagnetism, stagnant aether, Absolute Space, relativity, faster-than-light, plenum, pleroma, static universe, mutual motion


Reflecting the common beliefs in his era, Einstein’s teachings imply that the universe is static overall – the static concept embodying Aristotle’s doctrine of the plenum. In this way, Einstein bolstered his claim that “nothing can travel faster than light” by recourse to the Experiment of Fizeau where the speed of light in water is shown to vary with the motion of the water, Einstein implying that the experiment demonstrates the impossibility of faster than light motion. Yet Einstein substituted Fizeau’s own experimental equation with his own, claiming that his own was of “the same order of approximation.” Straightforward algebra indicates that Einstein’s claim is false in that while his own equations cannot give a result faster than light, Fizeau’s experimentally- erived equation instead implies that objects can actually move faster than light with respect to one another if the transparent medium is moving fast enough! As a result, Einstein’s special relativity is shown to be part of a manipulative agenda, his false claim that mutual motion is always less than the speed of light disparaging Galilean relativity in favor of Aristotle’s doctrine of the plenum.

<<< Back