September 23, 2020
In the present work the labour-process in the society of hunters and gatherers is analysed according to the method of descending from the concrete to the abstract, and the result of the analysis is represented in an abstract scheme of the labour-process. According to this scheme, the society of hunters and gatherers consists of two areas of life, the sphere of production and the sphere of consumption, which join together to form a self-sustaining (= reproducing) circular process. Use-Values are produced in the sphere of production, and labour-power is produced in the sphere of consumption. In order to be able to produce use-values, the forces of production “labour-power and means of production” are required, which must be in very specific, concrete and abstract relations of production during the production activity. For the production of the labour-power, on the other hand, one needs the forces of production "father and mother as producers, providers and educators of the children and means of consumption", which must be in very specific, concrete and abstract relations of consumption (= family, kinship and ethnic relations) during the consumption activity. The totality of the concrete and abstract relations of production in the sphere of production constitutes the economic structure (= the real foundation) of the society of hunters and gatherers, on which arises a social, ....