Tombe, Frederick David
Mechanics / Electrodynamics
April 15, 2023
aether, vortices, Coriolis force, electromagnetism, Lorentz transformations, Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity, Maxwell's Sea of Molecular Vortices, 4D space-time continuum, four-vectors, Sir Joseph Larmor, James Clerk Maxwell, speed of light
The Lorentz transformations are best known for the relativistic Lorentz factor, γ = 1/√(1 – v^2/c^2), which appears in the equations of special relativity, and it is also known that the Lorentz transformations can be used to derive both the Biot-Savart law in the form B = (v×E)/c^2, and the magnetic force in the form E = v×B.
What is not so well-known, however, is that the Lorentz factor itself plays no role in the emergence of these two equations. Nevertheless, it is often wrongly argued that magnetism is a relativistic effect, despite the very obvious fact that magnetism is observable at laboratory speeds. This article will now examine the role that the physical structure of the luminiferous medium plays in the existence of magnetism.