All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

The W, Z, Higgs, and top as relativistic protonium


Fleming, Ray


Research Papers


Quantum Theory / Particle Physics



Date Published:

November 19, 2019






Milne, Sternglass, Smith, and Browne showed that there are relativistic states of positronium that Feynman and Sternglass first identified as the neutral pion. Sternglass and Browne further showed that onium states of an electron and neutral pion yield the muon and charged pion. These types of relativistic solutions also apply to relativistic protonium resonances containing one or more protons or antiprotons. A relativistic protonium compound containing a proton-antiproton pair is expected to have a mass-energy of approximately 247.8 GeV/c2. In the case of a proton in a relativistic orbit around a negative pion, we can expect two electrically neutral relativistic resonances with mass energies of approximately 92.5 GeV/c2 and 123.4 GeV/c2. Those masses are close to the masses of the Z0 and Higgs. A resonance containing a relativistic proton and a neutral pion appears to be the W+, while a muon-like protonium resonance appears to be the top quark. These resonances have been produced in proton accelerators which is consistent with their containing one or more relativistic protons. It is, therefore, necessary to consider whether the W, Z, Higgs, and top are actually resonant states of relativistic protonium.

<<< Back