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An onium model of particles with only electrons and protons


Fleming, Ray


Research Papers


Quantum Theory / Particle Physics



Date Published:

February 03, 2020






In an ideal simplified theory of everything there is one field, one force, and one or two particles. This paper investigates how the known unstable particles or resonances can be modeled as onium compounds composed entirely of electrons and protons. Positronium is the basic onium compound with an electron and positron orbiting in a metastable state. The components of the onium compounds that make up the particles are determined from their decay products. Pions are relativistic positronium as discovered by Sternglass and Feynman. Kaons are pionium, D mesons are kaonium, and B mesons are Donium. The J/Psi appears to be a phi-kaonium meson with a phi meson orbited by two kaons. The upsilon and its resonances are psionium. The baryons are similar with the lambda and sigmas having a non-relativistic nucleon orbited by a muon or pion. The more energetic baryons are trionium compounds such as the Xi baryons which are a proton orbited by two muons and the omega which is a sigma orbited by two pions. Charmed baryons are a proton or other baryon orbited by two relativistic kaons, while the bottom baryons have two relativistic D mesons in orbit. The W, Z, Higgs, and top are relativistic protonium resonances. In this manner it is possible to account for all known particles and resonances as nothing more than onium compounds containing electrons and protons.

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