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El Tiempo no es un Vector: Correcciones al Artículo “Relatividad Vectorial versus Relatividad Especial o General?”

Author:

Franco-Rodriguez, Jorge Adalberto

Category:

Research Papers

Sub-Category:

Relativity Theory

Language:

Spanish

Date Published:

October 6, 2019

Downloads:

5

Keywords:

Transformaciones de Lorentz, Transformaciones Vectoriales de Lorentz, Masa, Energía, Campo Gravitacional, Órbitas Planetarias, Precesión del Perihelio de Mercurio.

Abstract:

En este trabajo se explican los principales errores conceptuales que se fueron introduciendo secuencialmente en el desarrollo de la Teoría Especial de la Relatividad (SR). Se da una deducción simple de las Transformaciones de Lorentz (LT) al estilo clásico y se resalta cómo una configuración rígida, repetida por más de cien años, conduce al primer error de una cadena, al declararse que las componentes transversales al movimiento, en el sistema de referencia inercial móvil, no se afectan desde un punto de vista relativista, y en base a un presunto “postulado de isotropía“ se asumen iguales a las componentes medidas en el sistema inercial considerado fijo. Ello conduce a que dichas transformaciones sean igualmente erradas. Haciendo uso de la configuración general de un movimiento inclinado del sistema inercial móvil, respecto a ejes coordenados paralelos, se obtienen las transformaciones de distancia, tiempo y velocidad, diferentes a las LT, que se han dado en llamar Transformaciones Vectoriales de Lorentz (VLT). Se corrige en este trabajo también el error de considerar al tiempo como vector y se da un análisis crítico. Con base a estas primeras correcciones dentro de los fundamentos de la SR son definidas la Transformaciones Locales de Lorentz (LLT) lo cual permitió a su vez definir más completos los conceptos tanto de tiempo local como de magnitudes físicas locales.

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