All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

The Spiral Universe


Ebner, John Erich


Research Papers





Date Published:

February 25, 2019




Spiral universe, orbiting light or energy, black holes, ex- panding and rotating universe, gravity, dark matter, cosmic microwave background, unsolved problems in physics, black hole universe, black hole formulas


We solve the riddle of the spiral shape and flat rotation curves of galaxies, prevalence of dark matter in galaxy dynamics and the source, uniformity and Planck satellite anomaly of the cosmic microwave background. Wiki calls these "unsolved problems of physics." They are shown to be a consequence of this model of the dynamic universe. The age, radius, mass, expansion rate and density of the universe also come from this model and are unambiguously shown to apply to a black hole and are in the range or magnitude of mainstream values frequently quoted. This paper postulates that light will orbit any great enough mass. The mass which light orbits is a black hole. We know that gravity dellects light from numerous cases of gravitational lensing so it is not too big a step to see that a defection of light with one mass could become an orbit of light with a much greater mass. This simple classical model, of energy and light in orbit, shows the black hole, galaxy and the Cosmos in dynamic equilibrium. There are no infinities, singularities or free parameters which might be adjusted to reflect a point of view. The positive evidence in favor of the theory depends upon parsimony: an economy of assumptions. A good theory is one that needs to postulate little to explain a lot.


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