March 15, 2018
quasar, gravitation, redshift, Hubble constant, Ashmore
The quasar's redshift distribution in our part of the universe is found to have periodicities, according to K. G. Karlsson et al. Here, we analyse if these peaks is an indication of circling light. We find that the Zwicky-Ashmore redshift theory provides a compelling evidence for circling light. The consequence is that no expanding universe exists and that no alleged Dark Energy is required in order to explain the observed data. We can confirm the age of the universe and define its radius and its mass with a good approximation.