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Transparent Fuel Capsule for Fusion Reactor


Bolonkin, Alexander Alexandrovich


Research Papers


Engineering (Applied)



Date Published:

March 2, 2017




Inertial Confinement Fusion, Thermonuclear reactor, inertial thermonuclear reactor, fuel pellet of thermonuclear reactor, transparent fuel capsule for fusion reactor


For more 60 years scientists have wanted to reach confined, stable thermonuclear reaction state. They are using two main methods: ICF – Inertial Confinement Fusion and MCF – Magnetic Confinement Fusion. In ICF they have tried to heat a frozen thermonuclear fuel by highly compressing the reactive force of the fuel’s vaporized cover and to hold (confine) it by inertial forces of the fuel used. In MCF they heat rarefied plasma by electric current and hold it a relative long time by enshrouding magnetic field. In ICF, only 10-20% the laser energy is used for compression and significantly less for further fuel heating. The author is offering a significantly new design the fuel pellet (capsule) for laser ICF reactor which allows using about 90% the laser energy for pellet heating and compression work. The second advantage of the author’s innovative suggested method is significantly increasing (by a hundred-fold) the time of nuclear reaction (reactivity) as well as the possibility to use the compressed gas fuel at room temperature, instead of the frozen fuel held at absolute Kelvin zero. The suggested pellet (capsule) design requires few collimated light beams (maximum 6, not 192 as with NIF) because it is using offered multi-reflect capsule (pellet). That greatly simplifies the design laser system. Possible of getting conditions will be enough for using the D-D nuclear fuel, which is monetarily less costly by 30,000 times than T-D fuel.

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