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The Sagnac Effect


Sokolov, Gennadiy


Research Papers


Mechanics / Electrodynamics



Date Published:

February 13, 2014






This paper shows that Fermat’s principle allows determining the distances covered by beams in a rotating interferometer, not only relative to an inertial frame of reference (laboratory) but relative to the interferometer as well. The reason this is possible is that all photons move relative to the interferometer with identical speed C/n in an almost straightforward manner and the trajectories of the photons of the first wave front intersect at fixed points relative to the laboratory. The Sagnac effect occurs because the motion of the interferometer relative to these points, leads to the change of angles of incidence on the mirrors and the change of the distances covered by beams 1 and 2 relative to the interferometer.


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