Williams, Joel Mann
Quantum Theory / Particle Physics
July 31, 2013
quarks, baryons, protons, neutrons, nuclei of elements, neutron capture, Standard Model, baryonic dumbbells, combination quarks, nuclear mass, quark mass, alpha particle
The quark make-up of protons and neutrons is discussed. Neutrons that give protons and electrons must be composed of “Combo Up or Down” quarks. The neutral baryons of stable nuclei do not contain “Combo quarks”. An alpha particle containing a “Combo quark” is not the same as an electron-stripped He-4 atom which contains none. Since the mass of Up and Down quarks constitute less than 1% of the total mass of baryons, the remainder mass of these must be non-particulate mass, herein called “fat”. Dumbbell models of the stable positive and neutral baryons are presented. Using these baryonic dumbbells, the extraordinary ability of the Boron-10 nucleus to capture neutrons is modeled.