Williams, Joel Mann
Quantum Theory / Particle Physics
July 17, 2013
Helium provides the simplest, multi-electron, atomic situation. Quantum mechanics addresses the different magnetic and spectral properties of ortho and para helium with “mirrored twin” electrons. This paper addresses that difference with “mirrored rooms” and no electron spin-reversal pairing – a different implementation of parity. Models are provided to illustrate why each form of helium can not be converted to the other in a single photon-induced step. These models also illustrate the vastly greater orbital sizes of the excited states over the ground state. Included is a reference to a paper demonstrating that classical physics provides the physical mechanism that explains why an electron’s energy levels scale with the square of integers. The mirror-room orbitals would also be appropriate for non-classical approaches without requiring spin-reverse pairing of electrons in the same orbital.