All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

The Fine structure constant solved and new relativity equations


McMahon, Casey Ray


Research Papers


Quantum Theory / Particle Physics



Date Published:

April 09, 2015




Rydberg, Plancks constant, electron, electron rest mass, fine structure constant, coil, coiling, relativity coiling, Einstein, McMahon, coiling factor


The Original McMahon field theory was developed and written over a period of almost 14 years, between the 31st of December 1996 and the 20th February, 2010. As time goes on, I am constantly coming up with more data to add to it- data that explains observations made in the real world. In the paper McMahon, C.R. (2013) “Calculating the true rest mass of an electron – Based on McMahon field theory”, I found that the rest mass I calculated for a free stationary electron is much smaller than the currently accepted conventional mass of an electron (which is bound in an atom, moving at high speeds hence has a higher mass due to relativity). In fact, the difference was a factor equal to precisely 0.5(α^2), or half the value of the fine structure constant squared. The fine structure constant is therefore part of a factor to convert electron rest (stationary) mass to the electron mass observed in an atom due to the effects of relativity. It also has within it a factor that prevents a particle from reaching infinite mass as it approaches the speed of light. This paper shows that the physical definition of the fine structure constant is that it is a factor representing the degree of coiling due to relativity. Since it’s a factor, it has no units. When α = (2^(1/2), no coiling is present. As the α factor decreases in value, the degree of coiling increases.


Nanda Ballabh Pant(BAIJNATH, India):
You have answered by your McMahon Field theory that the dark matter and dark energy as Fleiners. Further with the line of reasoning of your theory what can be added to dark matter and what as dark energy to understand this, may I suggest that in case of neutron star when the neutrons’ wavelengths correspond to their Compton wavelengths, the neutrons’ constituent quarks’ wavelengths should supersede over neutrons’ Compton wavelengths, because wavelength is inversely proportional to mass, and neutrons’ constituent quarks’ masses are 1/3 rd of neutron mass, therefore larger are their wavelengths than the neutrons’ Compton wavelength. Thus to avoid this mother in the womb of its fetus like situation either constituent quarks of neutrons are in the form of Fleiners and more closer they approach, more they are transformed into gluons-strong interaction qunta (same way as with higher energies electron coiled on coils…) to be fit with asymptotic freedom property of strong interactions, that is strong interactions become weaker at shorter ranges which correspond to higher energies. Similar also happens of accelerated protons in LHC. Thus quarks and gluons being Fleiners would not have been seen as free particles and in case supernova remnant mass more than two solar mass when neutron stars are transformed into quark stars due to superseding of quark wavelength of neutrons’ constituents quarks over neutrons’ Compton wavelengths as noted just before, such quark stars being (made of) Fleiners are also invisible. However, their presence can be realized in the binary systems indirectly one of them being invisible and in some other cases as high local motion of galaxies towards the invisible objects. But these invisible objects should not be identified with traditional black holes as according to McMahon Field theory if we assume McMahon time fields exist, and then the highest observed velocity is dependent on the McMahon time field, which places an upper observable limit on speed while consideration of traditional black holes is based on the assumption that the light speed is not surpass able. When the power of the McMahon time field is increased other particles and energies will seem to simply appear out of nowhere, simply because we can now detect them. Whether the observed quasars are such phenomena where appearance of enormous energy is resulted by such process?

Yet the neutrino has to be described by your theory, isn’t it?

Posted: June 11, 2013 @ 11:34:28 am
Nanda Ballabh Pant(BAIJNATH, India):
Your theory is doing well. You have shown trivialness of the fine structure constant. Further may you explain whether in the fine structure constant of gravity only taking of the proton mass is correct while in the gravity interaction, at subatomic level masses larger or smaller than the proton mass are also involved?

Posted: June 11, 2013 @ 10:26:51 am

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