**Author:**

McMahon, Casey Ray

**Category:**

Research Papers

**Sub-Category:**

Quantum Theory / Particle Physics

**Date Published:**

April 09, 2015

**Keywords:**

Rydberg, Plancks constant, electron, electron rest mass, fine structure constant, coil, coiling, relativity coiling, Einstein, McMahon, coiling factor

**Abstract:**

The Original McMahon field theory was developed and written over a period of almost 14 years, between the 31st of December 1996 and the 20th February, 2010. As time goes on, I am constantly coming up with more data to add to it- data that explains observations made in the real world. In the paper McMahon, C.R. (2013) “Calculating the true rest mass of an electron – Based on McMahon field theory”, I found that the rest mass I calculated for a free stationary electron is much smaller than the currently accepted conventional mass of an electron (which is bound in an atom, moving at high speeds hence has a higher mass due to relativity). In fact, the difference was a factor equal to precisely 0.5(α^2), or half the value of the fine structure constant squared. The fine structure constant is therefore part of a factor to convert electron rest (stationary) mass to the electron mass observed in an atom due to the effects of relativity. It also has within it a factor that prevents a particle from reaching infinite mass as it approaches the speed of light. This paper shows that the physical definition of the fine structure constant is that it is a factor representing the degree of coiling due to relativity. Since it’s a factor, it has no units. When α = (2^(1/2), no coiling is present. As the α factor decreases in value, the degree of coiling increases.

### Comments

** casey ray mcmahon**(Australia):

improved explanation. paper updated.

**Posted:** June 20, 2013 @ 7:02:59 pm

** caseyraymcmahon**(Australia):

**Posted:** June 20, 2013 @ 2:36:34 am

** Casey Ray McMahon**(Australia):

paper updated to give the physical definition of the fine structure constant.

**Posted:** June 19, 2013 @ 4:24:54 am

Corrected paper to explain Compton scattering equation. Paper updated.

**Posted:** June 16, 2013 @ 8:44:01 pm

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