**Category:**

Research Papers

**Sub-Category:**

Astrophysics

**Date Published:**

October 20, 2012

**Keywords:**

Dark energy, Universe expansion, CMB, Critical density, Voids, ZPE

**Abstract:**

The hot Big-Bang predicts a rate of space expansion without reacceleration, which however is observable. In order to adequate the classic treatment to this problematic, it was analyzed the dimensional evolution of space. Is was concluded that the structure of voids and filaments could be predicted under the assumption that gravitational interactions given place to filament formation allowed that weakened internal gravity could no longer oppose the distention of the voids. The resulting effect would be reacceleration of the space expansion. Therefore, we treated the continuous generation of the Zero Point Energy (ZPE) in the formulation of the expansionary process as the time function term exceeding the effect of gravity. Using a superior limit, for the ZPE of 10% of the critic density and a universe density of 40%, the resulting calculation predicts re-acceleration at 4400 million years after the Big-Bang. It is assumed that ZPE accumulation as a function mainly of the volume-voids evolution, which could be related to the process of elongation and multiplication of Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB).

<<< Back