Quantum Theory / Particle Physics
April 11, 2021
In a recent paper the actual mechanics of local circulation of the oscillating energy inside a photon was laid out in light of deBroglie's hypothesis on the internal dynamic structure of permanently localized photons. This paper will lay out the directly related mechanics of conversion of a photon of energy 1.022 MeV or more into a pair of charged elementary particles, that is, one electron and one positron. The experimental proof that any photon of energy 1.022+ MeV (which has no mass and is electrically neutral) can be destabilized into converting to an electron-positron pair (massive and charged in opposition) when grazing a heavy particle such as an atom nucleus was discovered and experimentally confirmed in the 1930's and extensively observed ever since in high energy accelerators. An alternate process was also experimentally discovered in 1997. It involved converging two tightly collimated photons beams towards a single point in space, one of which being made up of photons exceeding the 1.022 MeV threshold. Electron/positron pairs were thus created without any atomic nucleus being close by! These two observed processes of photon conversion into pairs set the 1.022 MeV energy level as the threshold starting from which massless photons become highly sensitive to be destabilized into converting to pairs of massive particles.