All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

Motion in Circular Path


Varghese, Nainan K.


Research Papers





Date Published:

January 09, 2014




Effort, Force, Work, Inertia, Motion, ‘Centrifugal force’, Centripetal effort, Momentum


All natural (inertial) motions are in straight lines. Rotating motion or motion in circular path is the result of simultaneous straight-line motions of 3D matter-particles of a macro body, in different directions at differing linear speeds, appropriate to their locations in it. A macro body, moving in circular path, is under a constant inward effort. It simultaneously has two linear motions; one linear (centripetal) motion due to centripetal effort towards centre of circular path and another linear motion due its momentum in a direction deflected outward from tangent to circular path. Outward component of linear motion gives rise to assumption of imaginary ‘centrifugal force’. Centripetal motion not only compensates outward component of linear motion but also deflects direction of linear motion inward. Explanations on rotary motion with respect to absolute (inertial) reference frame can give real parameters without use of imaginary entities. Work, invested by external effort about a macro body, continues to act even after cessation of external effort, until it is stabilized and macro body’s motion attains steady state. Phenomenon of inertial delay operates not only during application of external effort but also during its cessation. Ignoring this fact caused the assumption that direction of instantaneous linear motion of a macro body, moving in a circular path, is tangential to its path.

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