Mechanics / Electrodynamics
Ritz's ballistic theory (BTR), MMX, rheons, perihelion of Mercury, Ritz effect, Doppler effect, Arp, Tsiolkovsky, Belopolsky, Hubble redshift law, De Sitter, Wallace, Venus radar measurements, Pioneer vehicles, Hatch, GPS, Vavilov, Barr effect, Kantor
Translated to English with Google Translate by Thomas E. Miles
The ballistic hypothesis itself, which likened the flight of light particles from a moving source to the flight of nuclei from a moving gun, was just the tip of the iceberg, as noted in 1995 in "Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk" ["Успехах физических наук"] by Academician M.A. Elyashevich. Ritz explained the Michelson-Morley experiment following the example of Galileo, who proved the equality of the velocities of the emission of nuclei from the gun in all directions. According to the ballistic hypothesis, like nuclei acquiring the movement of a cannon, light in Michelson's experiment receives the movement of a source flying at the speed of the Earth. Therefore, relative to it, shells or light move in all directions in the same way: according to Galileo's principle of relativity, the movement of the Earth cannot be noticed. Thus, Ritz explained Michelson's experiment in a simpler way than the special theory of relativity (SRT). No wonder the Ritz hypothesis was supported by such physicists as J.J. Thomson, R. Tolman, P. Ehrenfest. However, back in 1729, for the first accurate determination of the speed of light by the magnitude of stellar aberration, astronomer J. Bradley applied ballistic kinematics of light, relying on the idea of Democritus, Galileo and Newton about light particles coming from stars.