All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

And Yet it is Changing …


Semikov, S. A.


Journal Reprints


Mechanics / Electrodynamics



Date Published:

December 2011




Ritz's ballistic theory (BTR), MMX, rheons, perihelion of Mercury, Ritz effect, Doppler effect, Arp, Tsiolkovsky, Belopolsky, Hubble redshift law, De Sitter, Wallace, Venus radar measurements, Pioneer vehicles, Hatch, GPS, Vavilov, Barr effect, Kantor


Semikov_Everything Changing[trans]_27Dec(2011)1-9.pdf


[publishing unknown]


Translated to English with Google Translate by Thomas E. Miles


The ballistic hypothesis itself, which likened the flight of light particles from a moving source to the flight of nuclei from a moving gun, was just the tip of the iceberg, as noted in 1995 in "Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk" ["Успехах физических наук"] by Academician M.A. Elyashevich. Ritz explained the Michelson-Morley experiment following the example of Galileo, who proved the equality of the velocities of the emission of nuclei from the gun in all directions. According to the ballistic hypothesis, like nuclei acquiring the movement of a cannon, light in Michelson's experiment receives the movement of a source flying at the speed of the Earth. Therefore, relative to it, shells or light move in all directions in the same way: according to Galileo's principle of relativity, the movement of the Earth cannot be noticed. Thus, Ritz explained Michelson's experiment in a simpler way than the special theory of relativity (SRT). No wonder the Ritz hypothesis was supported by such physicists as J.J. Thomson, R. Tolman, P. Ehrenfest. However, back in 1729, for the first accurate determination of the speed of light by the magnitude of stellar aberration, astronomer J. Bradley applied ballistic kinematics of light, relying on the idea of Democritus, Galileo and Newton about light particles coming from stars.

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