**Category:**

Journal Reprints

**Sub-Category:**

Quantum Theory / Particle Physics

**Date Published:**

October 2015

**Keywords:**

Ritz magnetic model of the atom, Thomson, quantum mechanics, ultraviolet catastrophe, Zeeman and Stark effects, periodic table, bipyramid atom model, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, electron-positron crystals, nuclear forces, Coulomb repulsion

**Filename:**

Semikov_Magnetic Model of Atom[trans]_18Oct(2015)1-11.pdf

**Publication:**

[publishing unknown]

**Comments:**

Translated to English with Google Translate by Thomas E. Miles

**Abstract:**

The quantum model of the atom is now generally accepted. However, it does not explain a number of effects [1–4] and leads to theoretical paradoxes [5] and mathematical difficulties in calculating the spectra of many-electron atoms [6]. The formulas of quantum mechanics lead to divergences and infinities, for example, when analyzing the electron field and when taking into account zero-point vibrations in the spectrum in the form of energy hν/2, existing at any frequency ν and tending to infinity with increasing ν. That is, quantum physics leads to the same paradoxes that at the beginning of the 20th century, forced to abandon classical physics when analyzing the spectrum of thermal radiation and "ultraviolet catastrophe" - an infinite increase in energy in the high frequency region ν. Therefore, let us turn to the analysis of the classical magnetic model of the atom proposed by W. Ritz [7] and J.J. Thomson [8] at the beginning of the XX century. - simultaneously with quantum. This model explained the spectra and solved all the paradoxes of classical physics in the framework of classical mechanics.

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