All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

Magnetic Model of the Atom and its Application in Microelectronics


Semikov, S. A.


Journal Reprints


Quantum Theory / Particle Physics



Date Published:

October 2015




Ritz magnetic model of the atom, Thomson, quantum mechanics, ultraviolet catastrophe, Zeeman and Stark effects, periodic table, bipyramid atom model, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, electron-positron crystals, nuclear forces, Coulomb repulsion


Semikov_Magnetic Model of Atom[trans]_18Oct(2015)1-11.pdf


[publishing unknown]


Translated to English with Google Translate by Thomas E. Miles


The quantum model of the atom is now generally accepted. However, it does not explain a number of effects [1–4] and leads to theoretical paradoxes [5] and mathematical difficulties in calculating the spectra of many-electron atoms [6]. The formulas of quantum mechanics lead to divergences and infinities, for example, when analyzing the electron field and when taking into account zero-point vibrations in the spectrum in the form of energy hν/2, existing at any frequency ν and tending to infinity with increasing ν. That is, quantum physics leads to the same paradoxes that at the beginning of the 20th century, forced to abandon classical physics when analyzing the spectrum of thermal radiation and "ultraviolet catastrophe" - an infinite increase in energy in the high frequency region ν. Therefore, let us turn to the analysis of the classical magnetic model of the atom proposed by W. Ritz [7] and J.J. Thomson [8] at the beginning of the XX century. - simultaneously with quantum. This model explained the spectra and solved all the paradoxes of classical physics in the framework of classical mechanics.

<<< Back