Mechanics / Electrodynamics
Ritz, magnetism, Democritus, Brownian motion, Lomonosov and Le Sage, Weber, Gauss, Nikolaev, Petrov, Okolotin,photoelectric effect, magnetic moment, magnetic model of the atom, Bohr, Weiss, Demidenko, Barnett effect, Tesla, rheons, blaston
Translated to English with Google Translate by Thomas E. Miles
People from ancient times were amazed by the ability of a magnet to attract iron at a distance and the stubborn desire of magnetic arrows to the north. It seemed so strange that the magnet was long considered a magic stone: hence the word "magic" originated. Even in the 18th-19th centuries, starting with Mesmer, hypnotists were called magnetizers, explaining their miraculous abilities by magnetism. It would seem that science has already solved all the secrets of magnetism and the "miraculous" properties of magnets. But this is an illusion, because a number of magnetic effects are still not understood, and no textbook will really explain to you why a magnet attracts iron. The current explanation of attraction by the action of a magnetic field is no better than the scholastics' link to God's will, for no one has explained what kind of matter it is. And the cumbersome formulas of quantum mechanics for describing magnetism are no better than the impressive Latin dictum formulas proposed by the scholastics, which also gave rise to the illusion of explanation by their cleverness, being in fact empty and useless. The magic of Latin spell-formulas was replaced by the "quantum magic" of symbolic formulas, and no real explanation of magnetism has appeared.