All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

Light is a Particle?


Semikov, S. A.


Journal Reprints


Quantum Theory / Particle Physics



Date Published:

June 2006




Ritz ballistic theory (BTR), wave properties of particles, photons arose as a result of an error, Planck, Lenard, Bohr, photoelectric effect, Aether, Vavilov, Newton, Democritus, Stoletov, Quantum physics, Compton, angle φ of electron emission can be




Engineer Journal


Translated to English with Google Translate by Thomas E. Miles


A year ago, in the article "Is an Electron a Wave?" the question of the wave properties of particles was raised. Now the time has come to discuss the corpuscular properties of light, this typically wave process, and to show that a wave cannot be a particle, just as a particle cannot be a wave. Wait a minute, the reader will ask, perhaps the author has recently described the merits of the Ritz ballistic theory (BTR), according to which light is a stream of rheon particles? Now, it turns out that light is no longer a particle? That's it! One particle is not yet light, just as one, two or even three nuts are not yet a heap. According to the BTR, light is a wave carried at the speed of light by a stream of many rheons (Fig. 1). But how, in this case, to explain the existence of photons - particles, each of which can by itself give rise to the sensation of light? It will be shown below that the concept of photons arose as a result of an error.

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