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THE CRISIS OF CLASSICAL PHYSICS IN THE EARLY XX CENTURY: WAS NON-CLASSICAL PHYSICS A WAY OUT OF IT?

Author:

Semikov, S. A.

Category:

Historical Papers

Sub-Category:

Unification Theories

Language:

English

Date Published:

June 2011

Downloads:

40

Keywords:

Occam's razor, MMX, ether, Maxwell's electrodynamics, Mathematical formalism, Bohr's quantization, Newton

Filename:

CRISIS OF CLASSICAL PHYSICS IN THE EARLY XX CENTURY

Publication:

Abstract on the History and Philosophy of Science

Comments:

Thomas E. Miles using Google Translation from Russian language

Abstract:

As you know, the great crisis of classical physics erupted at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. and lasted until the 1920s. It was due to the inability of previous physical concepts to explain a number of experimentally discovered phenomena, as well as internal logical contradictions of the classical picture of the world. Thus, Maxwell's classical electrodynamics turned out to be incompatible with classical mechanics. Already Maxwell himself abandoned in his "Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism" [ 1 ] from the concept of a mechanical ether, which had contradictory properties and generated a lot of difficulties in the analysis of the electrodynamics of moving bodies. The experiments of Michelson, Trouton-Noble, Kaufmann only emphasized the contradictions between classical mechanics and classical electrodynamics [2-4].

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