**Sub-Category:**

Mechanics / Electrodynamics

**Date Published:**

June 1, 2019

**Keywords:**

Algebraic relations, Differential analysisi, Tensor synthesis

**Abstract:**

After elementary constitution of EM theory, three forms of its basic laws are presented and mutually related. Two relations of J. J. Thomson are identified as the algebraic solution of Maxwell's equations. The consistent analysis of the algebraic pair just gives the differential set. Maxwell's equations are finally presented in Einstein's tensor forms. The three compatible basic sets, complementary in the theory and practice, enable the deeper insights into EM phenomena. Thus more widely understood and interpreted, EM processes are closed into causal loops.

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