Quantum Theory / Particle Physics
May 7, 2019
In this essay we offer (based on theoretical work by Ernest Sternglass) an alternative to the currently-accepted explanation for the structure of protons & neutrons, which is based on the assumed existence of "quarks" --- which have never been observed in a physics lab, despite many experiments designed to observe them. Our alternative explanation for the structure of protons & neutrons is based on the idea that the little rascals are composed of speedy electrons & positrons. If one wants a fancy word for "speedy" --- it is "relativistic": some of the relativistic electrons & positrons in the model offered in this essay move at almost the speed of light. Sternglass started working on this model during the early 1960s, before the "quark" model was proposed. According to the model presented here, the neutron is composed of an “odd” electron-positron pair at the center, plus four “normal” electron-positron pairs around the outside, arranged in the shape of a tetrahedron. Note that this differs slightly but significantly from Sternglass’s model, in which the four outside ep-pairs are arranged in the shape of an upper-case “H” --- and in which a different mechanism explains what holds the neutron together.