All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

Historical Papers

Hans Thirring
December 1925: Über die empirische Grundlage des Prinzips der Konstanz der Li... view

Gavriil Adrianovich Tikhov (aka Tikhoff)
July 1908: Remarques sur la Note de M. Lebedew: La dispersion apparente de la ... view

Gavriil Adrianovich Tikhov (aka Tikhoff)
March 1908: ERRATA: Sur la dispersion de la lumière dans les espaces c&e... view

Gavriil Adrianovich Tikhov (aka Tikhoff)
March 1908: Sur la dispersion de la lumière dans les espaces céle... view

A. Piccard
1929: Ein neuer Versuch über die Mitführung des Äthers view

Hans Thirring
October 1926: Kritische Bemerkungen zur Wiederholung des Michelsonversuches auf d... view

Hans Thirring
May 1925: Relativität und Aberration view

Hans Thirring
1925: Bemerkung zur Arbeit Herrn Tomascheks über die Aberration view

Hans Thirring
1924: Bemerkung zu einem Einwand gegen die spezielle Relativitätsthe... view

Walter Ritz
June 1908: Du rôle de l’éther en physique view

P. Guthnick
June 1913: Astronomische Kriterien für die Unabhängigkeit der Fortpf... view

Michele La Rosa
1923: Il postulato di Ritz sulla velocità della luce ed I fenomeni... view

Michele La Rosa
1925: Intorno ad alcune obiezaioni contro la teoria balistica delle stell... view

A. Sellerio
March 1934: Necrologia di Michele La Rosa view

E. Stahel
1929: Ein neuer Versuch über die Mitführung des Äthers view

Erwin Freundlich
September 1913: Zur Frage der Konstanz der Lichtgeschwindigkeit view

Walter Kaufmann
January 1902: Die elektromagnetische Masse des Elektrons view

Béla Pogány
June 1926: Über die Wiederholung des Harress-Sagnacschen Versuches view

Fernand Prunier
January 1935: Sur une expérience de Sagnac qui serait faite avec des flux ... view

F. Hayn
January 1923: Aberration und Michelsonversuch view

Ernest Esclangon
December 1927: Sur la dissymétrie optique de l'espace et les lois del la r&... view

Charles L. R. E. Menges
October 1922: Sur le coefficient de Fresnel view

Charles L. R. E. Menges
November 1922: Sur le coefficient de Fresnel view

C. Raveau
October 1922: Démonstration de la loi de l'entraînement de l'é... view

C. Raveau
November 1922: La loi d'entraînement de l'éther de Fresnel view

Auguste Bravais
August 1851: Sur l'influence qu'exerce la rotation de la Terre sur le mouvement ... view

Léon Foucault
January 1851: Détermination physique du mouvement de rotation de la terre ... view

O. Knopf
July 1920: Die Versuche von F. Harreß über die Geschwindigkeit des ... view

Béla Pogány
January 1928: Über die Wiederholung des Harresschen Versuches view

Paul Harzer
August 1914: Bemerkungen zu meinem Artikel in Nr. 4748 im Zusammenhange mit den ... view

A. Einstein
August 1914: Bemerkungen zu P. Harzers Abhandlung "Über die Mitfü... view

Paul Harzer
July 1914: Über die Mitführung des Lichtes in Glas und die Aberration view

Éleuthère Mascart
1872: Sur les modifications qu’éprouve la lumière par... view

Éleuthère Mascart
1874: Sur les modifications qu’éprouve la lumière par... view

Michele La Rosa
1924: I Fenomeni Delle "Stelle Variabili" Spiegati Come Effetto... view

Sir J. J. Thomson
December 1925: The Structure of Light view

Sir J. J. Thomson
October 1924: A Suggestion as to the Structure of Light view

Sir J. J. Thomson
August 1909: Address of the President of the British Association for the Advance... view

Sir J. J. Thomson
May 1912: The Unit Theory of Light view

Edwin Bidwell Wilson
March 1927: Some Recent Speculations on the Nature of Light view

Leigh Page
April 1921: A Generalization of Electrodynamics with Applications to the Struct... view

Charles E. St. John
July 1917: A Search for an Einstein Relativity-Gravitational Effect in the Sun view

Henri Poincaré
January 1905: The Principles of Mathematical Physics view

Harry Bateman
May 1910: Correction to Mr. Bateman's Paper On The Reflexion of Light at an I... view

Sir Oliver Lodge
June 1921: Ether, Light, and Matter view

Sir Oliver Lodge
June 1921: On the Einstein Spectral Shift view

James Walker
December 1913: A Note on Aberration in a Dispersive Medium and Airy's Experiment view

Lord Rayleigh
January 1911: Aberration in a Dispersive Medium view

A. Press
October 1925: Maxwell's Electromagnetic Æther and the Michelson-Morley Expe... view

William Francis Magie
February 1912: The Primary Concepts of Physics view