Quantum Theory / Particle Physics
November 23, 2017
It is important that we ask the question; what causes the rotating electric and magnetic fields produced by a photon? But when we do, it opens up the possibility that photons are composite particles, rather than elementary, as the most elementary way to produce rotating electromagnetic fields is with a rotating dipole. Additionally, we have the problem of what are the fields? And how do they collapse in an instant when a photon is absorbed? In the standard model, photons have electromagnetic fields and electromagnetic forces are mediated by virtual photons, which is somewhat circular and does not satisfy our need for a physical explanation. Current theory also does not explain in physical detail how photons are produced and absorbed. This paper considers the photons-as quantum-dipoles model from standard quantum field theory to see what problems it solves. We find that it leads to answers to all these questions. Consequently, we must conclude that photons are composite particles consisting of quantum fluctuation particle pair dipoles and photons are not elementary.