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诺贝尔物理奖中的错误(3) ──能量守恒导致宇称和动量等概率性守恒

Author:

Fu, Yuhua

Category:

Research Papers

Sub-Category:

Unification Theories

Language:

Chinese

Date Published:

April 8, 2014

Downloads:

443

Keywords:

弱相互作用,宇称守恒,宇称不守恒,动量不守恒,角动量不守恒,概率,能量守恒定律,唯一真理,相对论,能量表达式(能量表述),改进的牛顿第二定律,改进的万有引力定律

Abstract:

1957年诺贝尔物理奖的获奖原因之一是“他们对所谓的宇称不守恒定律的敏锐地研究,该定律导致了有关基本粒子的许多重大发现”。其中“宇称不守恒定律”的提法值得商榷。根据1957年吴健雄等人的实验,正确的说法应该是:对于该实验,宇称守恒的概率为71%,宇称不守恒的概率仅为29%。出现宇称不守恒及动量不守恒和角动量不守恒等不守恒的根本原因,是由于到目前为止只有“能量守恒定律”才有资格成为物理学唯一正确的真理。其他“定律”只有在与能量守恒定律无矛盾或者由能量守恒定律导出的情况才是正确的;否则其成立的概率,也应根据能量守恒定律或者实验来确定(目前绝大多数情况只能由实验确定)。

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