Abdullahi, Musa Daji
Mechanics / Electrodynamics
July 05, 2015
Electric charge, energy, magnetic field, mass, velocity
A particle of charge Q and mass m, moving at time t with velocity v, is associated with electrostatic field Eo and potential ψ at a point in space. It has kinetic energy ½mv^2, self-potential U and intrinsic energy ½QU. A magnetic field H(φ) and an electric field E(v) are generated due to velocity and a reactive electric field X due to acceleration. The sum of energies of H(φ) and E(v) is equal to the kinetic energy of the particle. The reactive electric field X acts on the same charge to produce a force, QX, equal and opposite to the accelerating force m(dv/dt), thereby causing inertia. An oscillating particle of charge Q emits electromagnetic radiation with directivity of 1.5. It is shown that En = ½ Mc^2 is the sum of intrinsic energies of the electric charges constituting a neutral body of mass M. For a moving body the total energy is E = ½ M(c^2 + v^2), in contrast to the relativistic mass-velocity formula E = Mc^2.