April 14, 2017
In the present paper the historical development of the society of hunters and collectors is represented. For this purpose, the abstract scheme of the working process in particular is set up, and the society of hunters and collectors is concretely described according to the following criteria: 1. Natural division of labor by sex, age and ability, 2. rights of ownership and possession, 3. relationships of family, affinity and people, 4. territorial affiliation, 5. moral legitimation through historical experience, knowledge and faith. Depending on which natural knowledge means are given by the biological evolution, the sensual knowledge is divided into three stages of development. In this picture the historical development of the society of hunters and collectors turns out to be a progress of the technique of the production means parallel to the development of the sensual knowledge.