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Understanding the Electron

Author:

Price, Lew Paxton

Category:

Essays

Sub-Category:

Mechanics / Electrodynamics

Language:

English

Date Published:

April 13, 2014

Downloads:

457

Keywords:

N/A

Abstract:

Light is caused by vibrating electrons. A single natural photon, one that is not limited by our one-second rule, is the result of multiple comings and goings of one electron. First the electron moves in one direction. Then it reverses itself to move in the opposite direction. It reverses itself again and continues to do so until it has lost the energy that initially prompted it to move. At the end of each of its little journeys back and forth, it rotates to point its mouth in the new direction of travel. When Planck derived his constant, other scientists began to use it in their calculations. Wilhelm Hallwachs and Heinrich R. Hertz discovered that light waves sent at an angle to a metal surface can eject electrons from the metal. The velocities of the ejected electrons were proportional to the frequency of the incident light rather than the intensity of the light. It was the number of ejected electrons which was proportional to the intensity of the light. Einstein proposed the theory that this phenomenon, in which light appears to be concentrated in packages of "hf ", means that each package can be absorbed only as a whole by an individual electron, so that the receiving electron is given an additional kinetic energy of "hf". In 1923, Arthur C. Compton showed that X-rays scattered from matter have an equation that can also be derived by postulating photons with a momentum of "hf/c", where "c" is the speed of light.

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