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All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident: Arthur Schopenhauer -- In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual: Galileo Galilei -- Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it: Albert Einstein -- When you have eliminated the impossible, what ever remains, however improbable must be the truth: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle -- We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough? Niels Bohr -- Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is that it will explain all phenomena: Ralph Waldo Emerson -- Since the mathematicians invaded Relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore: Albert Einstein -- I would say that the aether is a medium invented by man for the purpose of propagating his misconceptions from one place to another: W.F.G. Swann: -- Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone: Albert Einstein -- Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little: Bertrand Russell -- If I could explain it to the average person, I would not have been worth the Nobel Prize: R. P. Feynman -- I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use: Galileo Galilei -- How dare we speak of the laws of chance? Is not chance the antithesis of all law?: Bertrand Russell -- Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I´m not sure about the former: Albert Einstein -- The glory of mathematics is that you don't have to say what you are talking about: Richard Feynman -- Anything is possible if you don´t know what you are talking about: Author Unknown -- In life, everything is relative - except Einstein´s theory: Leonid S. Sukhorukov -- Don´\'t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are any good, you´ll have to ram them down people´s throats: Howard Aiken --A day will come undoubtedly when the ether will be discarded as useless: H. Poincaré -- First they tell you you´re wrong and they can prove it; then they tell you you´re right but it isn´t important; then they tell you it´s important but they knew it all along: Charles Kettering -- It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world: Aristotle -- The opposite of a true statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth: Niels Bohr -- A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it: Max Planck -- Euclid taught me that without assumptions there is no proof. Therefore, in any argument, examine the assumptions: Eric Temple Bell -- Half this game is ninety percent mental: Yogi Berra

Historical Papers

A. Piccard
February 1928: Realization of the Experiment of Michelson in Balloon and On Dry Land view

William H. Pickering
1923: A Simple Eclipse Observation Bearing on Relativity view

Peter Lebedev (aka Lebedew)
November 1901: Experimental Examination of Light Pressure view

Charles LeMorvin
April 1925: The ballistic theory and stars with continuous variation view

Peter Lebedev (aka Lebedew)
March 1909: On the Apparent Dispersion of Light in Space view

Peter Lebedev (aka Lebedew)
June 1910: The Pressure of Light on Gases. An Experimental Study for the Theo... view

William H. Pickering
1923: Relativity Since 1922 view

William H. Pickering
April 1922: Shall We Accept Relativity? view

Sir Oliver Lodge
February 1921: The Geometrisation of Physics and its Supposed Basis on the Michels... view

Sir Oliver Lodge
February 1920: Note on a Possible Structure for the Ether view

Sir Oliver Lodge
July 1893: Aberration Problems. A Discussion concerning the Motion of the Ethe... view

Gilbert N. Lewis
1926: The Nature of Light view

Gilbert N. Lewis
February 1926: Light Waves and Light Corpuscles view

Paul Langevin
August 1937: On the Sagnac Experiment view

Jakob Kunz
June 1914: An Attempt at an Electromagnetic Emission Theory of Light view

Jakob Kunz
January 1914: An Attempt at an Electromagnetic Emission Theory of Light view

Jakob Kunz
May 1910: On the Initial Velocity of Electrons as a Function of the Wave-Leng... view

Jakob Kunz
1910: On the Electromagnetic Emission Theory of Light view

Jakob Kunz
March 1909: On the Photoelectric Effect of Sodium-Potassium Alloy and its Beari... view

Edward M. Thorndike
November 1932: Experimental Establishment of the Relativity of Time view

Roy J. Kennedy
November 1932: Experimental Establishment of the Relativity of Time view

Max von Laue
September 1907: The Dragging of Light Through a Moving Body in Accordance with the ... view

Dayton C. Miller
April 1922: Ether-Drift Experiments at Mount Wilson Solar Observatory view

Sir Oliver Lodge
March 1924: Stationary Clouds in Interstellar Space view

Charles LeMorvin
November 1924: Variable stars with continuous variation and the assumption of Ritz view

Michele La Rosa
June 1925: The speed of light and its dependence on the movement of the source... view

Michele La Rosa
March 1925: Relation between color and amplitude of variable stars and the ball... view

Michele La Rosa
December 1924: The Ballistic Theory of Light and the Michelson-Morley Experiment view

Albert A. Michelson
November 1887: On the Relative Motion of Earth and the Luminiferous Ether view

Albert A. Michelson
May 1886: The Influence of Motion of the Medium on the Velocity of Light view

Albert A. Michelson
April 1925: The Effect of The Earth's Rotation on the Velocity of Light Part I view

Albert A. Michelson
December 1904: The Relative Motion of the Earth and the Ether view

Albert A. Michelson
June 1897: The Relative Motion of the Earth and the Ether view

Albert A. Michelson
1881: The Relative Motion of the Earth and the Luminous Ether view

Félix Michaud
March 1919: Emission theories and the principle of Doppler-Fizeau view

H. A. Lorentz
February 1921: The Michelson-Morley Experiment and the Dimensions of Moving Bodies view

H. A. Lorentz
1904: Electromagnetic Phenomena in a System Moving with Any Velocity Smal... view

H. A. Lorentz
1898: Stokes's Theory of Aberration in the Supposition of a Variable Dens... view

Ian McCausland
June 1977: The Dingle Affair. An Unresolved Scientific Controversy view

André Metz
February 1925: On the Theory of the Partial Entrainment of Ether view

Vladimir Michelson
April 1901: On Doppler's Principle view

H. G. Gale
April 1925: The Effect of The Earth's Rotation on the Velocity of Light Part II view

Albert A. Michelson
April 1925: The Effect of The Earth's Rotation on the Velocity of Light Part II view

E. W. Morley
November 1887: On the Relative Motion of Earth and the Luminiferous Ether view

E. W. Morley
May 1886: The Influence of Motion of the Medium on the Velocity of Light view

Q. Majorana
July 1918: Experimental demonstration of the constancy speed of light emitted ... view

A. C. Lunn
March 1922: The Propagation of Light in Rotating Systems view

Arthur Oncken Lovejoy
September 1932: The Travels of Peter Paul and Zebedee view

Arthur Oncken Lovejoy
November 1931: The Time-Retarding Journey: A Reply to Prof. McGilvary view

Arthur Oncken Lovejoy
March 1931: The Paradox of the Time-Retarding Journey (II.) view